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Capybara: Species, differences, habitat, predators and Communications

How many species of Capybara are there?

According to the web search results, there are two species of capybara: the capybara or greater capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) and the lesser capybara (Hydrochoerus isthmus). The capybara is the largest living rodent in the world, growing up to about 1.3 metres (4.3 feet) long and weighing up to 79 kg (174 pounds)2. The lesser capybara is smaller, growing to about 1 metre (about 3 feet) in length and weighing about 28 kg (62 pounds)2. The capybara inhabits forests and wetlands from Panama to Argentina, while the lesser capybara is found from central Panama through northwestern Colombia and far northwestern Venezuela2. Both species are semiaquatic and herbivorous and live in social groups2.

Some additional sentences are:

  • Capybaras are closely related to guinea pigs and rock cavies, and more distantly related to the agouti, the chinchilla, and the nutria1.
  • Capybaras are hunted for their meat, hide, and grease in some parts of South America, but they are also protected and ranched in other areas2.
  • Capybaras can swim and dive well, and often use water to escape from predators such as jaguars and anacondas2.

What is the difference between capybara and beaver?

Capybara and beaver are both semi-aquatic rodents, but they have many differences in their physical characteristics, behavior, and habitat. Some of the main differences are:

  • Capybara is the largest rodent in the world, weighing up to 140 lbs and measuring up to 4 ft in length. Beaver is smaller, weighing up to 50 lbs and measuring up to 3 ft in length1.
  • Capybara has short, tan fur and a small, round, blunt tail. Beaver has dark brown fur and a large, flat, paddle-like tail1.
  • Capybara has simple teeth and chews cud like a cow. Beaver has sharp, chisel-like incisors and gnaws through tough plant material.
  • Capybara is highly social and lives in groups of up to 20 individuals. Beaver is solitary or lives in small family groups.
  • Capybara is native to South America and inhabits various habitats near water sources. Beaver is native to North America, Europe, and Asia and constructs dams and lodges in freshwater habitats.
  • Capybara is diurnal and active during the day. Beaver is nocturnal and active at night1.

Can you tell me more about Capybara’s habitat?

 Capybaras are semiaquatic mammals found throughout all countries of South America except Chile1. They live in densely forested areas near bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, swamps, ponds, and marshes, as well as flooded savannas and along rivers in the tropical rainforest. Capybaras prefer habitats with abundant vegetation and cover, and can tolerate a variety of climates, from humid to dry. Capybaras are highly adaptable and can also be found in man-made habitats, such as rice fields, plantations, and reservoirs.

Some additional facts about capybara habitats are:

  • Capybaras are active mostly during the dawn and dusk hours, when they feed on grasses, aquatic plants, fruits, and other vegetation2. They can consume up to 8 kg (18 lb) of food per day.
  • Capybaras use water as a refuge from predators, such as jaguars, anacondas, caimans, and eagles. They can swim and dive well, and often use water to escape from predators2. They can also hold their breath underwater for up to five minutes at a time.
  • Capybaras are social animals, forming family units of 10 – 30 individuals, although group size often depends on the environment. A typical family group of capybaras consists of one dominant male, one or more subordinate males, one or more related females as well as offspring of different ages2. Adult individuals of the group participate in defending their territory against outsiders, scent-marking their range with secretions from their scent glands2.

How do capybaras communicate with each other?

Capybaras communicate with each other through a variety of vocalizations and body language. They make noises such as purring, clicking, barking, squeaking, and grunting to express their emotions, intentions, and needs1. They also use scent-marking, grooming, and physical contact to bond with their group members and establish their social hierarchy2. Capybaras are very expressive animals that can convey their mood and personality through their behavior and appearance.

more about Capybara’s predators?

Capybaras are the largest rodents in the world, and they live in South America near bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and swamps12. However, this also makes them vulnerable to many carnivorous animals that share their habitat. Some of the main predators of capybaras are:

  • Caimans: These are large reptiles that are related to alligators and crocodiles. They can grow up to 20 feet long and have powerful jaws and sharp teeth. They hunt capybaras at night and drag them into the water to drown them1.
  • Anacondas: These are huge snakes that can reach lengths of 30 feet and weigh up to 550 pounds. They are excellent swimmers and can ambush capybaras on land or in water. They wrap their coils around their prey and squeeze them to death before swallowing them whole.
  • Jaguars: These are the largest cats in the Americas and the third-largest in the world. They have strong muscles and jaws that can crush the skulls of their prey. They stalk capybaras in the forests and wetlands and pounce on them with a fatal bite.
  • Pumas: These are also known as cougars or mountain lions. They are smaller than jaguars but still formidable hunters. They can run fast and jump high, and they use their sharp claws and teeth to kill their prey. They prey on capybaras in the savannas and grasslands.
  • Ocelots: These are medium-sized cats that have spotted fur and long tails. They are nocturnal and solitary, and they hunt by stealth and agility. They can climb trees and swim, and they feed on a variety of animals, including capybaras.
  • Wild dogs: These are also known as bush dogs or maned wolves. They are canids that have long legs and reddish fur. They live in packs and cooperate to hunt their prey. They can chase and corner capybaras and kill them with their sharp teeth.
  • Vultures: These are large birds that have bald heads and hooked beaks. They are scavengers that feed on dead or dying animals. They can spot capybaras that are injured or sick and swoop down to eat them.

These are some of the predators of capybaras. Capybaras try to protect themselves by living in groups, alerting each other with warning barks, and escaping into the water. However, they still face many dangers in their natural environment.